Sunset on domes and towers of Istanbul

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Istanbul in numbers


Geography

Coordinates: 41.09 north, 29.42 east
Area: 5.512 square km

Highest hill: 537 meters, Aydos Hill on the Asian side
Villages: 151
Neighborhoods: 817
Districts: 39


Demography

Population: 14,160,467 as of 1st of January 2014 (10.041.477 in 2000), that is 18.5% of the total population of Turkey (76,667,864 as of January 2014)
Density: 2,725 person/km2 (27 times of Turkey, which is 100 person per square km)
Population growth rate: 1.68 % yearly


Climate

Average temperature: 13,6 degrees Celsius
Average relative humidity: 79 %
Average sea temperature: 15-16 Celsius


Building

Housing: 869.444 buildings or 4,135,106 single units (approximate in 2012)
Islamic Mosques: 3.190 (as of January 2014)
Christian Churches: 143
Jewish Synagogues: 19


Traffic

Plate number: 34
Motor vehicles: 3.112.070 (1 car for each 5 person) as of January 2013

Roads: 25.000 km
Traffic police: 2.293
Taxis: 17.395 (2012)
Public buses: 5.187 (2012)
Suspension Bridges: 2 over the Bosphorus, making 1,800.000 TL daily income total from both bridges, around 550,000 vehicles daily. The construction of the third suspension bridge has started in May 2013 and is planned to be completed in two years.
Airports: 2 international, 1 private, several military. The third international airport is being built nowadays.
Fishing boats: 2,058


Education

Literacy rate: 97.3 % (over 6 years of age), it's over the country's average (95,8 % in Turkey)
Elementary schools: 1.488
High schools: 914
Universities: 45 (30 % of total universities of Turkey are in Istanbul)


Health

Hospitals: 220 (in 2011), 77% of them are private hospitals
Hospital beds: 33,721 (in 2004)
Doctors: 25,661 (1.617 patients for each doctor)
Pharmacies: 4,964
Blood centers: 31
Dialysis centers: 70
X-ray labs: 350
Cemetaries: 268 muslim + 65 non-muslim, a total of 333 (2011)
Elderly homes: 61 (33 of them are private), with 5.535 beds (in 2004)
Homeless children: 236


Culture

Libraries: 72
Cultural centers: 62
Fair/Congress centers: 8
Concerts halls: 28
Movie theaters: 70
Theaters: 23
Art galleries: 68
Newspapers: 337 local and 28 national papers
Media: 15 TV stations and 130 radio stations


Sports

Licensed sportsmen: 105.009 (61.708 active)
Stadiums: 16 with grass (139.729 capacity) and 11 with firm ground
Olympic shooting range: 1
Bowling saloons: 9
Golf courses: 3
Football (Soccer) teams: 5 teams in Super League, 1 team in 1st League, 10 teams in League C (as of 2012-2013 Season)
Sports clubs: 470 football clubs, 190 basketball, 92 volleyball, 16 handicapped, 251 karate/judo/tekwandoo, 68 boxing


Tourism

Tourists: 10,474,867 (in 2013), which is 30% of total arrivals in Turkey (34,910,098 tourists in 2013)
Hotels/Motels: 1162 (45+ five star, 70+ four star, 90+ three star, 90+ two star, 20+ one star, 50+ special category)
Beds: 113.432 (as of Jan 2012)
Travel agents: 1.511
Sites: 63 museums, 64 historic mosques, 66 historic medresse, 49 historic churches, 1 historic synagogue, 17 palaces
Tourist entertainment installations: 349


Utilities

Fixed phones: 4.385.401
Electricity consumption: 29 billion 720 million Kw/h per year
Natural gas consumption: 3.757.000.000 m3
Natural gas subscribers: 4.808.173 (It was only 172,000 in 1993)
Water consumption: 2.256.849 m3 per day, 174 liters per person per day


Economy

Municipality budget: 8 billion TL (2013)
Contribution to national budget: 6.454.947 x million TL
GNP per capita: 3.063 USD (7th in Turkey, first being Kocaeli province with 6,165 USD)
Share in national GNP: 23 %
Share in national bank deposits: 35%
Share in national tax collected: 40%
Bank branches: 1.730 (approximately 29% of total banks in Turkey)
Free Trade Zones: 4 (Thrace, Ataturk airport, Leather and Industrial, Stock Exchange)
Import/Export: 57% of national export and 60% of national import was made from Istanbul (in 2005), major export is textile
Commercial firms: 267.248 (63.31 % are Limited), 29,5 % of total firms of Turkey are in Istanbul

Unemployment rate: 15,5 % (461.185 people)
Social security: 4.057.090 people, that makes around 90% of the population insured considering parenthood such as husband-wife or parents-children etc.

Hope to see you soon in Istanbul.

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Source: Metropolitan Municipality, Governor, State Statistics Office